In a shocking thruth came to fore, two new species are found in the famous Lonar crater in Buldana district which has proved that the salinity of Lonar crater is reducing and life structure at this meteoric crater is changing gradually. Scientists have confirmed this fact giving reason that the drainage in surrounding premices of the world famous crater is mixing in it and creating threat for the crater.
Lonar crater is the world's only meteoric impact crater in Basalt rock and has internatioal importance. Many renowned organisations and scientists are still doing research on the life in Lonar crater and many secrets are yet to be resolved. Till now, species eating Methane as well as with magnetic properties are also found here. Development of many life cycles are still going on in the Lonar crater and hence Lonar falls in highly protected natural places category. Unfortunately, due to excessive presence of humans in crater area, human interferance and encroachment has caused the threat to all pecularities of Lonar.
Khagol Vishwa, a Pune based organisation working in the field of Science has started the campaign for Lonar crater conservation and protection and recently did the survey at Lonar lake on Oct 2. Khagl Vishwa found two species Corixa and Eristalis larva or rat tailed maggot. These are the first species found in Lonar crater other than the microorganisms in Lonar. Development of life in Lonar lake is considered as impossible due to its high salinity but presence of Corixa and Eristalis larva have proved that the structure of Lonar crater has started Changing. As these two species are generally found in soft water, there presence at Lonar crater has proven that original properties of Lonar crater are changing.
National Center For Cell Science has started further study on these two species and senior zoologist Dr Hemant Ghate from Pune has done their identification. While speaking to The Hitavada Dr Ghate confirmed that these two species are generally found in fresh water and sewage water. " Eristalis larva is generally found in human sewage. Its presene in Lonar crater proves that sewage water is mixing with lake water at Lonar and causing the sewage pollution. Corixa is a species in fresh water and as it is found in Lonar it proves that the salinity of Lonar is decreasing. This may change the original life cycle at Lonar lake and it is necessary to take urgent steps to stop mixing of any other water than the original. Otherwise the rare lives at Lonar will come to an end due to human interferance, " said Dr Ghate.
LOnar crater is considered as around 50,000 years old crater and is young as compared to other craters in the world. It has extreme importance from geological and ecological point of view. Rare life cycles are developed here in saline water in adverse conditions. Existence of historical temples in and around crater, existence of numerous species in crater area and other biologically importance things make this crater elligible to be included in the list of world heritage. NASA, Smithsonian Institute, US Geological Survey, Geological Survey of India, National Center for CEll Sciences, Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, National Institute of Oceanography, IIts and many other universities are doing research on this crater since last two decades.